Nothing is eternal under the Moon. Unfortunately, this sad expression is also true of famous tourist attractions. Many of them are in serious danger of being destroyed. The reasons are different, but most often they have associated with the activities of the man himself and global climate change.
Danger: Flooding of the archipelago.
Reason: Global oceans are rising due to global warming.
Forecast: Islands may go underwater in the next 70-100 years.
Getting there: Due to the popularity of this destination among Russian tourists, getting to the islands is not difficult. You can buy tickets and after 14 hours be in the Maldives.
The Maldives is famous not only for its beaches but also for being the “lowest” state in the world. Just imagine, the highest point of this country is only 2.5 meters above sea level. Not surprisingly, an increase in the amount of water in the ocean poses a real threat to locals. However, they do not lose heart and try to defend themselves.
At the moment, the government of this small island state is trying to build dams and wash artificial islands to resettle the most affected areas.
Danger: The jungle of this island is threatened with complete destruction.
Reason: People cut down forests to earn some money for a living.
Forecast: According to preliminary data, if deforestation rates continue, Madagascar will lose its forests in 35 to 40 years.
How to get there: First you need to buy tickets to Antananarivo, and from there you can go in search of lemurs in the wild jungle.
Madagascar is the fourth largest island on the planet. It attracts tourists with its thickets, which still have amazing and rare animals. Such as geckos, lemurs, chameleons, special species of bats and many others.
Today, they are all in danger due to the activities of local residents. Forests are regularly felled for commercial purposes. Complicating the situation is the fact that valuable species such as black and mahogany grow on the territory of Madagascar. They are in good demand in the world market and, accordingly, are a desirable target for the poor inhabitants of the island.
The authorities of Madagascar are trying to solve this problem by creating special protected areas where any cutting of trees is prohibited. But either because of lack of control or because of the excessive zeal of lumberjacks, they are not doing very well.
Reason: Due to climate change and human activities, less water gets into the Dead Sea.
Forecast: A unique tourist resort can finally turn into a desert after 140 – 180 years.
How to get there: First you need to fly to Jerusalem or Tel Aviv, and from there minibusses, trains, and buses go to the Dead Sea.
Due to its uniqueness and location, the Dead Sea has long been known to mankind. Therefore, constant monitoring of it has been going on for quite some time. Studies show that only in the last 50 years, the water level has fallen by 25 meters. Moreover, the speed of this process is only increasing. What is the reason for this cataclysm?
One hypothesis suggests that the Jordan River is to blame. She is very shallow and no longer able to fill the Dead Sea in sufficient quantities. And this happened due to the fact that more and more water from the river goes to irrigate plantations in the district and for other industrial purposes.
At the moment, the governments of the countries on whose territory the Dead Sea is located are discussing a project to build a water channel that can stop the destruction of this attractive tourist site.
Danger: The city slowly sinks into the water.
Reason: Increasing pressure of ground objects on piles and rising water levels in the Adriatic.
Forecast: If a set of measures to protect the city does not work, Venice risks becoming unsuitable for life after 30 – 80 years.
How to get there: Flyby plane to the Venetian airport Marco Polo.
The fact that Venice is slowly drowning has been known for a long time. Local residents have repeatedly been faced with the need to rebuild their buildings and explore the higher islands. But in the 20th century, the immersion process accelerated and became more visible. For a hundred years, the water rose by 23 centimeters and continues to arrive every year.
However, the city authorities are not idle. In 2003, the MOSE project was launched, the purpose of which is to build several dams around Venice. As planned by the engineers, this measure will solve the part of the problem that is associated with rising water levels in the Adriatic and constant floods.
True, there were critics of the project. They note that this method of protection against water has already proven to be ineffective in the Netherlands and the UK. Environmentalists also point out the great environmental damage of such buildings for the underwater inhabitants of the lagoon – different types of fish, shellfish, crustaceans, jellyfish and algae.
Great Barrier Reef
Danger: Destruction of coral reefs.
Reason: Human activities, global warming, and other natural phenomena.
Forecast: Due to the impressive size of the reef, an accurate forecast is difficult to give, scientists say an interval of 90 – 120 years.
Getting there: You need to fly to Cairns, it is located closest to the area accessible to tourists.
The world-famous Great Barrier Reef has faced a whole series of problems. Global warming is causing serious damage, which has led to an increase in water temperature. Corals cannot stand such overload and die. Human activities also add cause for concern. A separate problem was the starfish population of the Crown of Thorns species. These starfish feed on reefs, which leads to their destruction.
A variety of measures are being taken to save the Great Barrier Reef. In particular, it is divided into zones with varying degrees of accessibility. There are places open for shipping and tourists, and there are those in which people are forbidden to swim.
Danger: Glaciers covering the Alpine mountains may disappear.
Reason: Global warming.
Forecast: Based on the existing rate of melting of glaciers, their existence can be called into question after 60 – 80 years.
Getting there: If you want to look at the Alps, the easiest way to do this is by buying a plane ticket to Lyon or Geneva.
According to a recent study, only in the French Alps, the area of glaciers over the past four decades has decreased by 25%. A similar picture is observed in Switzerland.
The melting of glaciers in the Alps leads to the fact that water descends from the mountains and forms new lakes. Sometimes this process leads to flooding of settlements and farmland.
If the melting continues, the total area of new lakes can reach 60 square kilometers. To prevent such a course of events, the authorities of the Alpine countries are considering projects for the construction of dams and special canals that will bring meltwater to specially prepared places for these purposes.
So our list of tourist destinations that are in real danger has come to an end. Let’s hope that the pessimistic forecasts do not come true, and our descendants will still have the opportunity to drink a cup of coffee in Piazza San Marco and ski on the snowy alpine slopes.